Citrine is a member of the quartz family and one of the most popular yellow gemstones. Its yellow-to-orange colour is caused by a trace of iron in the atomic structure. Although it occurs naturally, citrine is often "created" by heating either amethyst (another type of quartz) or smoky quartz.
Since quartz is a relatively abundant gem material, citrine is not particularly expensive and even large examples can be very reasonably priced, making it an excellent choice for impressive pieces of jewellery. Furthermore, rough pieces of citrine can be quite big, so cutters often have the freedom for more unusual cuts than are seen with other, rarer gemstones. Citrine is usually quite a clean gemstone, free of most inclusions.
Citrine has a hardness of 7 (as defined by the Mohs Scale of Hardness), which makes it fairly resistant to damage by scratching and suitable for many types of jewellery, such as impressive pendants or cocktail rings.
Wearing citrine is said to cleanse and reinvigorate the spirit and remove negative or toxic energies. It is believed to also promote self-healing.
Citrine can be found in many places in the world, but often comes from South America (Brazil and Bolivia).
Citrine is one of the birthstones for November.