Sapphire is the name given to all gem-quality corundum that is not red (which is called ruby) or pinkish-orange (which is called padparadscha).
Although sapphire is generally associated with the colour blue, these gemstones can be yellow, pink, purple, green and also colourless. Sapphire can also demonstrate different shades of blue/purple in natural or artificial light. These beautiful stones are called “colour-change” sapphire.
Sri Lanka has been an important source of sapphires and rubies for more than 2000 years. The stones are still mined by hand from gravel deposits that cover most of the southern half of the island. Sapphire from Sri Lanka can be a wide range of beautiful blues, but are typically light-to-medium blue. Some of the largest Sri Lankan cut gemstones weigh up to several hundred carats.
Throughout history, sapphire has been a symbol of truth, sincerity and faithfulness in relationships. It is said to bring peace, joy and wisdom to the wearer and owner. In the past, the sapphire was also believed to be a talisman that would give protection against evil spirits.